Printed Resources


“Enrichment Options”

A regular column featuring brief descriptions of ideas published monthly in the Animal Keepers’ Forum. Published by the American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc.

AAZK Administrative Office
Scott Soldat-Valenzuela
phone: (480) 952-0755

“The Shape of Enrichment” Newsletter

A newsletter devoted entirely to enrichment of captive wild animals – everything from short blurbs to full length articles, pictures, and more! Published by The Shape of Enrichment, Inc.

Val Hare and Karen Worley, editors
1650 Minden Drive
San Diego, CA 92111
phone: (619)270-4273
fax: (619)279-4208


Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals
Eds. David J. Shepherdson, Jill Mellen and Michael Hutchins.

To order, call Smithsonian 1-800-782-4612
ISBN # 1-56098-745-6.

Articles in Print

Coming Soon!

Citations from Text

Bekoff, Mark (1989) “Predators”.

The encyclopedia of animal behavior
Peter J.B. Slater, ed. New York: 22-29.

Bloomsmith, Mollie A.; Brent, Linda Y.; Schapiro, Steven J.(1991).

Guidelines for developing and managing an environmental enrichment program for nonhuman primates
Laboratory Animal Science, 41 (4):372-377.

Brigham, David (1997).

Time out for good behavior
Wildlife Conservation Sept/Oct: 64-65.

Edmunds, Malcom; Edmunds, Janet (1989).

“Prey Defense”
The encyclopedia Of animal behavior
Peter J.B. Slater, ed. New York: 32-39.

Forthman, Debra L.; Ogden, Jacqueline J. (1992).

The role of applied Behavior analysis in zoo management: today and tomorrow
Journal Of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25: 647-652.

Forthman-Quick, Debra (1984).

An integrative approach to environmental engineering in zoos
Zoo Biology, 3: 65-77.

Kreger, Michael D; Hutchins, Michael; Fascione, Nina (1998).
Context, Ethics and environmental enrichment in zoos and aquariums
Second Nature.
Luoma, Jon R. (1987).

A crowded ark: The roles of zoos in wildlife conservation
Haughton Mifflin Co.

Poole, T.B. (1997).

Environmental enrichment for captive vertebrates
Topics In Captive Wild Animal Husbandry
Proceedings Of Symposium 12 Of The Association Of British Wild Animal Keepers, Chesington: 23-31.

Reinhardt, Viktor (1993).

Enticing nonhuman primates to forage for their standard biscuit ration
Zoo Biology, 12:307-312.

Shepherdson, David (1992a).

Environmental enrichment: an overview
American Association Of Zoological Parks And Aquariums Annual Conference Proceedings: 100-103.

Shepherdson, David (1992b)

An introduction to behavioral enrichment
Northeast Regional American Zoo And Aquarium Association Conference, hands-on workshop notes.

Tudge, Colin (1992).

Last Animals At The Zoo: How Mass Extinction Can Be Stopped
Washington D.C., Island Press.